From Lime Juice to Neem and Coconut Oil, the search for the one effective weapon to get rid of dandruff permanently is always on. People generally tend to believe loose white flakes from a dry scalp skin as dandruff. But this common skin problem is even more irritating to one with an oily scalp, where the natural yeast Malassezia loves to live. When these microbes multiply too much, you get dandruff. Conditions like psoriasis, eczema, dermatitis, sensitivity to hair products and oily skin can all cause dandruff, as well as lack of vitamin B or zinc. But there are solutions!
1. First, Figure out what’s Really Causing your Dandruff or is it really Dandruff?
There are many skin conditions that can cause loose white flakes as you experience in dandruff. So it could very well be psoriasis or eczema or contact dermatitis and not dandruff. Only a doctor can confirm this, but you can at least do the first cut diagnosis.
- If it’s more scaly than flaky, and spreads to the skin around your ears or the back of your neck, it may be psoriasis.
- If you have red and itchy patches on your face, eyebrows, nose, eyelids, ear canal, and even blistering, it may actually be eczema.
- In case there’s an itchy red rash, it’s likely contact dermatitis due to an allergic reaction.
- And if it’s just flaky skin that comes and goes, especially in winter, it’s probably just dandruff.
Finding out the exact cause is very crucial to get rid of dandruff; otherwise you may just be fighting a losing battle.
2. Identify What You may be Doing Wrong
Is there something that you do daily as a habit that is nourishing your dandruff and its growth? Let’s figure it out first and cut them. Some of these could be
- You could be using too many hair products, using styling tools too often, or the wrong kind of hair product that’s irritating the scalp and causing dandruff.
- Are you using excessive hot water while washing your hair? Hot water strips your hair of natural oils and makes your scalp dry and irritated. This can lead to dandruff.
- If you notice dandruff even after you shampoo, you could be using a wrong shampoo for your scalp. Try switching to a gentler non-medicated product.
- If you’re eating too much junk food, let’s cut back on it. I know it’s hard but let’s try it at least.
- And last not the least, Brush your hair properly, not too much, not too little.
All of these little changes in hair care habits can make a difference to the dandruff problem.
3. Shampoo Every Other Day
If you’ve not been shampooing often to avoid stripping natural hair oils, think again. Not shampooing enough is a major cause of dandruff. Some people build up dead skin cells on their scalp in as little as two to three days, especially if they live in super-polluted cities. Shampoo every alternate day to keep the dead cells and yeast buildup in check. Mild daily shampoos may also help, but make sure the product you’ve chosen doesn’t roughen your hair or dry your scalp out.
4. Try Zinc, Coal Tar, Selenium, Ketoconazole, Salicylic Acid Anti Dandruff Shampoos
It is no secret that doctors prescribe shampoos containing zinc pyrithione, like Head and Shoulders or Neutrogena Daily Control (1% zinc pyrithione), which are anti-bacterial and anti-fungal. There are various other types of Shampoos products available in market that can help you in your fight with dandruff, like
- Shampoos with Selenium sulfide reduce yeast and dead skin cells.
- OTC Ketoconazole shampoos prevent scaling, flaking and itching.
- Salicylic acid shampoos are effective in removing dead skin cells.
- Coal tar shampoos are also good against scaling and hardening of dead skin cells on your scalp.
These shampoos should be your first line of attack against a flaky head. However make sure that these shampoos suit your skin and scalp.
5. Apply Lemon Juice as a Pre-Shampoo Treatment
This has been one home remedy that has been tried and tested against dandruff since ages. Squeeze out 2 tablespoons of lemon juice and massage your scalp with the juice for two minutes. Leave it on to allow the lemon to penetrate the skin and the hair follicles. Rinse with warm water and wash your scalp with a mild shampoo. Be careful not to sit in the sun too long (longer than the time it takes for the lemon juice to dry) or the sun will damage your hair’s outer layer, the cuticle. The lemon juice helps to reduce excess oil from the scalp, and it’s a particularly useful home remedy for seborrheic dermatitis, a condition which also causes dandruff. You can also try some other home remedies like using apple cider vinegar, Mehndi, Egg Yolk or even Curd.
6. Try Ayurvedic Remedies to get rid of Dandruff
There are a variety of Ayurvedic and herbal oils that are available in nature that can treat hair problems including dandruff. As per KamaAyurveda, One very effective solution is using Neem and Coconut oil to remove dandruff naturally. Soak Neem leaves in water, and then boil. Wash your hair with this solution to enjoy the antifungal and antibacterial properties of Neem. You can also take advantage of coconut oil’s antifungal and moisturizing properties by a warm oil massage. Keep the oil in your hair for an hour, then rinse thoroughly with gentle shampoo. You don’t want excess oil to linger and make things worse, so be sure to wash off the oil very well.
7. Switch Things Around
All the products listed here are known to work against dandruff. But no product will single-handedly cure you of your dandruff problem. Unless you see a doctor who figures out exactly what is causing your dandruff, you may want to switch products around until the problem is gone. As with antibiotics, you don’t want to build up tolerance to it. Rotate through ingredients so that they continue to be effective against your flaky skin.
Dandruff is more common than you think. Even many celebrities and actresses with luscious, bouncy locks need their armies of beauty experts to help them battle their itchy, burning scalps and dandruff. But you can manage dandruff, even though right now it seems impossible! The tips above may help you find the right solution for your parmesan head and give you healthy, shiny hair and looks.
For more such suggestions and tips on hair care, keep reading the GetBodyCare blog.